39,254 homes sales closed escrow in October 2012. This is up 15.4% from September 2012, and up 15.2% from one year earlier.October 2012 sales volume is a modest rebound from the steep drop in sales in September.

A total of 370,774 homes sales have closed thus far in 2012. Home sales were up in the first three quarters of 2012, mainly due to speculator/cash activity.

However, sales are expected to fall in the fourth quarter. first tuesday forecasts 2012 sales volume total will roughly equal the 2011 total. 2013will likely see a modest increase in sales volume over 2011-2012.

The bumpy plateau recovery pattern continues. It will be broken only after 18-24 months of sufficient and sustained job growth, ending around 2016. Progress is being made on that front, but January 2013 will give us a better vantage point.

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Other key factors controlling California’s housing market follow.

Absentee homebuyers: to hold or to fold?

Absentee homebuyers (speculators, buy-to-let investors and renovation contractors) accounted for 28% of Southern California (SoCal) October sales. This is up slightly from September 2012, and near the February 2012 high of 30%. Absentee homebuyers made up 23% of Bay Area homebuyers in October 2012, slightly lower than September 2012 and up from 20% one year earlier.

Cash purchases(mostly speculators) represented 32% of SoCal sales. This is level with the previous month and up from 30% one year earlier.

29% of Bay Area sales were cash purchases in October 2012. This isup from 28% in September and up from 28.5% in October 2011.

In SoCal, the number of homes which sold more than once in a six-month period increased to 6.1% in October 2012. One year earlier, quick-flips made up 3.7% of all SoCal home sales.

Speculators will remain motivated to buy only so long as home prices continue to rise. Time will tell whether these highly optimistic expectations are to be justified. The likelihood is dimming.

If short-term speculators realize they cannot make as quick a profit as anticipated, they will leave the market. The inventory they leave behind will be consumed primarily by occupying homebuyers. Currently, demand for single family residences (SFRs)by owner-occupant homebuyers is much lower than sales volume.

Jumbo loans: room at the top

Jumbo loans(loans over the old conforming limit of $417,000) accounted for 21% of October2012 sales in SoCal. This is down slightly from the prior month and up from 15% one year earlier.

Jumbos made up 39% of Bay Area sales. This is up four percentage points from last month and up from 28% a year earlier.

Jumbo use has risen statewide since 2009. Use continues to rise as high-end property sellers finally abandon their sticky price delusions. Despite this increase, jumbo use and related sales remain far below their peaks in the 2006-2007 boom.

FHA Loans: phase out has begun

Federal Housing Administration (FHA)-insured loans made up 25% of SoCal mortgage recordings. This is down slightly from last month, and down from 32% one year earlier.

FHA use in SoCal is at its lowest level since late 2008. FHA-insured loans made up 16% of Bay Area mortgages, up slightly from September 2012 and down from 21% in October 2011.

first tuesday anticipates the percentage of FHA-insured loans will steadily drop through this recovery and hit a bottom around 2018. Higher FHA insurance premiums make conventional loans with private mortgage insurance (PMI) more appealing.

FHA buyer standards have also become stricter in this recovery. Nonetheless, FHA-insured financing remains popular among determined first-time homebuyers with low savings and low credit scores.

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ARMs: holding lenders at bay

Adjustable rate mortgages (ARMs) made up 6% of all SoCal mortgages. This is up slightly from September and down from 7% a year ago.

ARM use in the Bay Area was at 12% in October.This is up slightly from the prior month and down from 13% one year earlier.

ARM use will remain relatively low until prices rise. Then ARMs will increase as agents push homebuyers to overreach on amenity value.

Re: California October Home Sales from DataQuick